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Cystic Fibrosis Common Complications

Wed, 12/30/2015 - 09:33 -- IV Solutions

Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease that affects the lungs, digestive system, and sweat glands. CF can also cause other complications in the body. Other common complications of CF include: (CFRD) Cystic Fibrosis-Related Diabetes, chronic sinus / lung infections, and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD).

People with cystic fibrosis can make complications easier to manage with various treatments, therapy options, and medications prescribed by your doctor. Consult with your doctor if you, or your child, are experiencing any of the symptoms listed below.

For more information about Cystic Fibrosis Symptoms & Treatments, please visit: (CF) Cystic Fibrosis Symptoms.


Cystic Fibrosis-Related Diabetes (CFRD) is a form of diabetes that is exclusive to those who have Cystic Fibrosis. CFRD tends to develop as patients grow older. Diabetes is tied to insulin. Insulin is a hormone the body makes to move sugars to places where it is needed. CFRD develops as the pancreas struggles to provide insulin that is essential to the body.

 To read more about CFRD, please visit: Cystic Fibrosis & CFRD.

Chronic Sinus & Lung Infection

Having CF lowers your body’s ability to defend itself against lung and sinus infections. Some sinus infections can causesinusitis, which swells up the areas behind the eyes, nose, and forehead. The constant swelling that happens the nose can lead into growths called polyps.

Thick mucus can cause hard to treat lung infections. Numerous infections can cause the lung tissue to break down and become weaker. The damage causes increased breathing difficulties, chest pain and might lead into a collapsed lung that might require a lung transplant.

To read more about the Pseudomonas Aeruginosa bacteria that causes chronic respiratory infections, please visit: Pseudomonas Aeruginosa & Cystic Fibrosis.


Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), similar to severe heartburn, is a common complication for people with CF. GERD damages the lining of the throat as stomach acid moves up the esophagus. If GERD is left untreated, it could lead to the worsening of breathing problems.

For more information about Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, or GERD, please visit: Cystic Fibrosis & GERD.

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Cystic Fibrosis-Related Diabetes. Cystic Fibrosis Foundation. May 16, 2012. Accessed March 12, 2015.

Aanæs K. Bacterial sinusitis can be a focus for initial lung colonisation and chronic lung infection in patients with cystic fibrosis. National Center for Biotechnology Information. September 12, 2013.  Accessed March 12, 2015.

Scott R, O’Loughlin E, and Gall D. Gastroesophageal reflux in patients with cystic fibrosis. National Center for Biotechnology Information. February, 1985.  Accessed March 12, 2015.

Sabati A, Kempainen R, Milla C, Ireland M, Schwarzenberg S, Dunitz J, and Khan K. Characteristics of gastroesophageal reflux in adults with cystic fibrosis. June 23, 2010. Accessed March 12, 2015.

How Cystic Fibrosis Affects the Bones. June 15, 2011. Accessed March 12, 2015.